Dua for fasting
Dua made during Ramadan is accepted since it’s a month of blessings and mercy. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said: ‘When Ramadan comes, the doors of paradise are opened, and the doors of hell are closed, and the shaitan is in chains. This piece of evidence shows that dua during Ramadan has a greater chance of being accepted, as the gates of paradise and mercy are opened. (Sahih al-Bukhari). However, some special Ramadan duas need to be fulfilled to complete the true process of fasting, one of those is the Dua for fasting.
Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam i.e. the five basic rules that all Muslims should follow. Along with its importance for the Muslim Ummah, there are certain rules that a person must follow to keep a fast.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him)informed us that for the fast to be accepted:
Niyyah i.e Dua for fasting is to be recited
The time of Niyyah is before the break of dawn of the day one is fasting.
Dua for fasting is also follows
وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ
Transliteration: Wabisawwmi Ghadin Nawaeyto Minnshahree Ramadan.
Translation: ‘I intend to keep the fast for the month of Ramadan’
Narrated by Hafsah, Ummul Mu’minin, that the Messenger of Allah Al-might said: “He who does not determine to fast before dawn does not fast.”
Importance of fasting dua in Islam
At the beginning and end of the fast, Ramadan duas are recited to glorify and reinforce the purpose of the fast. Fasting is done to bring oneself closer to god. The aim of having an intention before any action is to remind our inner self that in our all acts we seek God’s pleasure.
Can I fast without making Niyyah? (Sehri Dua)
It is essential to make the fasting dua, before Fajr. If a Muslim fails to do so, the fast is not accepted. However, it can be at any time of the night, it can even be as late as just before the fajr prayer but it is compulsory. The Niyat does not need to be verbal, it is sufficient to have in the heart.
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Actions are but by intentions, and everyone shall have but that which he intended…” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1; Muslim, 1907)
Fast is valid without Suhoor (Sehari), but not without fasting dua.
ShaykhIbnBaaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Suhoor is not a condition for fasting to be valid, rather it is Mustahab (recommended) because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Have suhoor, for in suhoor there is a blessing.” (Agreed upon).
Some important questions regarding this matter are
Other significant Ramadan Duas
When you see the crescent moon:
اللَّهمَّ أَهلَّهُ علينَا بالأمنِ والإيمانِ والسَّلامةِ والإسلامِ ربِّي وربُّكَ اللَّهُ [Tirmidhi]
Transliteration: Allahuma ahillahuu alayyna bil-amniwaliman was salaamatiwal-islam. Rabbii warabuka Allah.
Translation: Oh Allah, make it a start full of peace and faith, safety and Islam. My lord and your lord is Allah.
This supplication pairs peace and faith, to demonstrate the fact that they are connected. The two words ‘ Amn ‘ and ‘ Iman ‘ are derived from each other in Arabic. The dua also pairs peace and Islam.
If someone angers you when you are fasting
إني صائمٌ ، إني صائمٌ [Muslim]
Transliteration: Innisa’im, inniisa’im
Translation: I’m fasting, I’m fasting.
This dua can be said in a loud manner so that the angry person hears you. Or can be recited in silence.
The dua to open fast with a group of people
أفطر عندكم الصائمون ، وأكل طعامكم الأبرار ، وصلت عليكم الملائكة [IbnMajah]
Transliteration: aftarindakkum as-sa’imoon, waakalata’amakum al-abraarr, wasalatalaikum al-mala’ikah.
Translation: May the fasting people eat at your place, and may the pious eat from your food, and may the angels pray upon you.
Ramadan is a time to share and break bread. Most of us will have Iftar with others to open our fast. This beautiful dua may not be widely known for breaking your fast with the others, but is great to remember.
On the final odd nights of Ramadan
اللَّهمَّ إنَّك عفُوٌّ تُحبُّ العفوَ فاعْفُ عنِّي [Tirmidhi]
Transliteration: Allahumma ainaka afuwwunn tuhibbu al-afwafa’fuannee.
Translation: Oh Allah you are forgiving, and you are forgiving, so forgive me.
Read this dua as much as you can during this month. As it is the month of forgiveness.
Dua of a fasting person
It is said, if a person could realize how blessed making dua during Ramadan is, he/she would wish for Ramadan all year long. When the fast reaches its final stages, the state of humility is heightened gratitude to the One who guides, the believer raises their hands and invokes, and their invocation is accepted. It is advised to our Muslim brothers to make dua when they hear Maghreb prayer while breaking the fast. Since it is one of the best times to make dua which has a chance of being fulfilled as told by our Prophet (PBUH).
The Prophet (peace be upon him) has further specified ‘Three supplications will not be rejected, the supplication of the parent for his child, the supplication of the one who is fasting, and the supplication of the traveler’
Dua for breaking your fast and its meaning
Since we have already discussed the importance of fasting dua and some other duas in between, we shall also shed light on the dua for breaking fast and its significance for the Muslims.
Dua to open fast signifies how we are so grateful that Allah (SWT) has allowed us to wipe away our sins, and by being patient through the day also reflects our dedication.
اللَّهُمَّ اِنِّى لَكَ صُمْتُ وَبِكَ امنْتُ [وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ] وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ اَفْطَرْتُ [Abu Dawud]
Transliteration: Allahumma Inni Laka Sumtu, Wabikaa Amantu, Waalaika Tawakkaltu Wa a la Rizq-Aftartu
Translation: O Allah! I fasted for you and I believe in you and I break my fast with your sustenance.
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You can learn more about fasting and its traditions
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