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dua qunoot | What is Dua Qunoot and how to perform it in Witr prayer?

Dua qunoot

What is dua qunoot?

dua qunootIn Islam, dua qunoot means to appeal or invocation, it is a prayer of supplication or request. It is without a doubt that in Islam, Duaa is considered to be a profound act of worship. The prophet Muhammad is reported to say “Dua is the essence and the doctrine of worship” In the same matter God Almighty has said “Call upon Me; I will respond to you” This is to show the importance of Dua. Read this article at www.miskshops.com Dua is classified into the following three groups:

  1. To ask for a particular thing and get the very same thing you asked for.
  2. To ask for something and get something different than what you asked. Sometimes better, sometimes less. That’s when Dua is answered according to what Allah knows to be best for you. 
  3. To ask for something and don’t get it till you die. This considered being the most precious class of dua because it will be rewarded in the hereafter. This is according to the hadith when a person knew how God answered his Dua but saved it for the hereafter, and the person said: “Oh Allah, it would have pleased me if you have kept all my duas stored for me”.

Nevertheless, there are many ways and times of when to conduct Dua, for instance, dua qunoot. Scholars have said that Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him, used to recite dua qunoot during Salat al-Fajr, Witr, and sometimes during other prayers throughout the year.

How to perform Dua Al qunoot:

It is without a doubt Prophet Muhammad would recite Dua Qunoot in the last Rakaah during Fajr prayer, Witr and sometimes even during other prayers. Therefore, he would perform dua qunoot after saying ‘Sami’Allahu liman hamidah’. Therefore, he would put his hands across his chest and make the Dua. Hence, after reading this much about dua qunoot , you would be wondering, well what do we exactly say in the Dua.

WHAT IS THE QUNOOT DUA IN ARABIC:

Narrated by Al-Hasan ibn Ali (who is the grandson of Muhammad (ﷺ)) he said he was taught by the Prophet (ﷺ) to say the qunoot dua in Arabic as follows:

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ إِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ وَلاَ يَعِزُّ مَنْ عَادَيْتَ تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ

TRANSLITERATION AND ENGLISH TRANSLATION:

Transliteration: Allahumma ihdini feeman hadayt, wa a’fini fiman afait, wa tawallani fiman tawallait, wa barik Li fima atait, wa qini sharra ma qadait, fa Innaka taqdi wa la yuqda Alaik, wa innahu la yadhillu man walait, tabarakta Rabbana wa ta’alait.

Translation: “O Allah! Guide me with those whom You have guided, and strengthen me with those whom You have given strength, take me to Your care with those whom You have taken to Your care, Bless me in what You have given me, Protect me from the evil You have Ordained. Surely You Command and are not commanded, and none whom You have committed to Your care shall be humiliated [and none whom You have taken as an enemy shall taste glory]. You are Blessed, our Lord, and Exalted” 

Hanafi commonly recite second version of Dua-E-Qunot.

اَللَّهُمَّ إنا نَسْتَعِينُكَ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَنُؤْمِنُ بِكَ وَنَتَوَكَّلُ عَلَيْكَ وَنُثْنِئْ عَلَيْكَ الخَيْرَ
 وَنَشْكُرُكَ وَلَا نَكْفُرُكَ وَنَخْلَعُ وَنَتْرُكُ مَنْ ئَّفْجُرُكَ
 اَللَّهُمَّ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَلَكَ نُصَلِّئ وَنَسْجُدُ
 وَإِلَيْكَ نَسْعأئ وَنَحْفِدُ وَنَرْجُو رَحْمَتَكَ وَنَخْشآئ عَذَابَكَ إِنَّ عَذَابَكَ بِالكُفَّارِ مُلْحَقٌ

Allahumma inna nasta-eenoka wa nastaghfiruka wa nu’minu bika wa natawakkalu alaika
wa nusni alaikal khair, wa nashkuruka wala nakfuruka wa nakhla-oo
wa natruku mai yafjuruka, Allah humma iyyaka na’budu wa laka nusalli wa nasjud
wa ilaika nas aaa wa nahfizu wa narju rahmataka 
wa nakhshaa azaabaka inna azaabaka bil kuffari mulhik

Meaning: O Allah! We invoke you for help, and beg for forgiveness, 
and we believe in you and have trust in you and we praise you, 
in the best way we can; and we thank you and we are not ungrateful to you, 
and we forsake and turn away from the one who disobeys you. 
O Allah! We worship you and prostrate ourselves before you,
 and we hasten towards you and serve you, and we hope to receive 
your mercy and we dread your torment. Surely, the disbelievers shall incur your torment.

Witr Prayer:

dua qunoot
Photo by Rachid Oucharia on Unsplash

figure 2

Muslims pray five times a day. However, there are additional prayers that go under the Sunnah Category. In other words, Prophet Muhammad used to perform these prayers as a way to get closer to God. Moreover, He also used to pray witr and do dua Qunoot to give thanks to Allah. Hence, Muslims took the habit of following the steps of Prophet Muhammad because they consider him to be their role model. Thus, Muslims name those religious practices by Prophet Muhammad Sunnah. Therefore, one of those Sunnah is Witr Prayer. The Witr, which in Arabic means an odd number, it was named Witr because there is only one rakah. Therefore, Muslims perform witr prayer at night after Isha prayer or before Fajr. 

It is a silent prayer and a great act of worship that bring you closer to God Almighty. Furthermore, Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him never gave up on Witr prayer even when he was traveling. Nevertheless, it was recorded by Ali Ibn Abi Talib that Prophet Muhammad used to perform witr prayer and say ‘O you people of the Quran, perform the witr prayer, for Allah is One and He loves the witr’.

Witr Prayer and Dua al-Qunoot:

dua qunoot

well, we know that we can perform Dua Qunoot in Fajr Prayer, but can we perform it in Witr too? Thus, according to the Shafii Madhab, disciples of this madhab do not recite Dua al-qunoot during Witr, except during the second half of Ramadan. Therefore, Muslims following Shafii madhab recite Dua al-Qunoot only during Fajr Prayer. However, In Hanafi Madhab, Muslims should read Dua al-Qunoot in the Witr Prayer. However, In the Maliki Madhab Dua al-Qunoot is not mandatory when praying Witr. Nevertheless, in the Hanbali Madhab, it is better if Dua al-qunoot is performed after ruku, but it is permissible before ruku in the witr prayer. 

Conclusion:

In all monotheistic religions prayers is the way to bring you closer to God; Prayers have many shapes and forms and differ from one religion to another. Nevertheless, the objective is one. Furthermore, In Islam, Disciples regard Dua as the essence of Ibadah.

Moreover, it was proven that Dua is a Muslim’s most compelling weapon against life struggles. Furthermore, Islam scholars have proved and confirmed that Dua is very effective. Nevertheless, Duas and Prayers are essential to show obedience and express submission of Faith to the one and only God. Moreover, it is also to express neediness or ask for forgiveness for the sins we have made. It is also run from this world’s issues and problems and seek help from his Almighty. Dua and Prayers are also those moments when you are alone with yourself enjoying the serenity and calmness.

Furthermore, in the Dua, you can share your feelings, your worries, your aches, your deep hidden emotions, and your sorrows with the only one who will not judge you. Moreover, he would listen to you, welcome you with open arms and will eventually provide to you and answer what you ask from him. Hence is there anything more beautiful than Dua? 

Images source:

Cover : Photo by Faseeh Fawaz on Unsplash

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