Eid al-Fitr also called the “Festival of Breaking the Fast,”. It is a religious holiday which muslims celebrate worldwide. It marks the culmination of Ramadan’s month-long dawn-to-sunset fast. Read this well-researched article from Miskshops.com to learn about Eid-ul-Fitr’s fascinating history. Which relates to none other than the great Islamic prophet Muhammad.
This religious celebration is the first and only day of the Shawwal month. The start date of any lunar Hijri month varies depending on when local religious authorities view the new moon, so the day of celebration varies by location.
Eid-ul-Fitr: The Moon sighting depends on
The timing of Muslim months and holidays generally depends on the sighting of the Moon’s crescent following New Moon. Because the visibility of the Moon depends on clear skies and several other factors, it is impossible to predict with certainty the exact date of the Muslim holidays.
The prophet commanded his disciples (and thus the disciples of Islam) to spend the month of Ramadan in fasting, prayers and other austerities, and to conclude the month-long non-indulgence with festive celebrations.
This three-day-long celebration ends the ninth month and begins Shawwal ‘s tenth month with absolute happiness and contentment for Allah ‘s ability to sacrifice. This festival aims to promote peace, reinforce the feeling of brotherhood, and return to the normal course of life after a time of self-denial and religious devotion that lasts a month.
When is Eid 2020
Depending on the moon’s sighting, the celebrations start either on Saturday, May 23, or Sunday, May 24.
This year the opportunity will not be as vivid as nations around the world take steps to combat the corona-virus pandemic. Including the suspension of prayers, outdoor festivals, and other festivities.
Different names of Eid-al-Fitr
- Indonesia: Idul Fitri.
- India: Eid-ul-Fitr
- Bangladesh : Shemai Eid.
- Malaysia : Hari Raya Puasa/Hari Lebaran.
- Turkey : Ramazan Bayrami.
- Iran: Eyde Fear.
- Singapore : Hari Raya Aidilfitri/Hari Otak/Hari Raya Idul Fitri/Hari Raya Puasa.
- Brunei : Hari Raya Aidilfitri/Hari Otak/Hari Raya Idul Fitri/Hari Raya Puasa.
- Pakistan: Choti Eid.
Eid al-Fitr is well-known as the Sugar Feast. A nod to desserts being a major component of the meal one eats at the festival.
Nations have various favorites around the world
Classic Turkish sweets such as Baklava and Turkish delight are given as a gift during Idul Fitri to friends, family, and neighbors. Seker Bayrami is commonly known in the region.
Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Eating dates are a very important part of both Ramadan and Idul Fitri, as they’re a common snack eaten before the fast (called the Suhoor) at the pre-dawn meal. In these two countries though, they are of particular significance – lots of people will bake Kleichas, which are rose-flavored biscuits that contain a filling of nuts and dates. Both Iraq and Saudi Arabia regard these as their national cookie.
Bint al Sahn is the perfect Yemeni favorite. It is also called honey cake in English and is covered with nigella seeds.
As for the savory choice, Manti is a common thing to eat at Eid in Russia (which has a long-standing love for all things dumpling). They seem to be packed with some kind of seasoned beef. In China, You Xiang (flour, water, and yeast patties fried in oil) are either given as a gift or eaten as part of the Eid feast. Traditionally korma is eaten in Bangladesh, along with various savory pittas shared with family and friends.
Eid greetings used around the world
The most common salutation is “Eid Mubarak” or “Eid Saaid” (Happy Eid).
Eid greetings often differ by country and language.
Eid is called Lebaran in Indonesia so Indonesians would say “Selamat Lebaran,” which means Happy Eid. Many variants are the Turkish “Mutlu Bayramlar,” and the Nigerian language “Barka da Sallah” in Hausa.
Other Eid Traditions
There are some of Eid al-Fitr’s constituent parts that are important around the world. One of the five foundations of Islam, for example, is a charitable donation, or Zakat. There is a specific type of charitable giving at Eid called Zakat al-Fitr which can take place at Ramadan’s end. It is also recommended that this be sent out in advance so that those in need can also participate in the Eid celebration.
There are even more unusual ones in various cultures, as well as popular rituals. One of these is in Afghanistan, in what is well-known as Tokhm-Jangi. Where a common Eid practice is to paint hard-boiled eggs and have a food battle with them.
How is Eid-ul-Fitr 2020 different?
Next year, when the planet is in the middle of a global crisis, Idul Fitri will take place— Covid-19. The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged people to maintain social distancing for their own safety and the safety of others at all times.
“Pract physical distance by strictly maintaining a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) between people at all times,” said the WHO’s interim guidance, titled “Safe Ramadan practices in the COVID-19 sense.”
Eid-ul-Fitr is the major celebration at the end of Ramadan. After which families usually come together to celebrate the success of the month.
Traditionally, it has large gatherings, celebrations, and visiting relatives but that is likely to be more affected this year than last Ramadan since Eid usually sees millions of Muslims outside celebrating.
Birmingham, which sees about 60,000 events at Small Heath Park, hosts Europe’s biggest Eid festival. Lockdown restrictions are likely to see festivities kept to a minimum for the first time. During the end of Ramadan, that will see many elderly observers home alone.
Eid 2020 UK
With nearly 2.8 million Muslims living in the UK, which is about 4.8 percent of the population. Islam is the country’s second-largest religion after Christianity. One will find the largest Muslim group in London. Moreover, there is a substantial Muslim community in the municipalities of Bradford, Luton, Blackburn, Birmingham, and Dewsbury.
Eid ul-Fitr is a joyful occasion with an emphasis on the family. Some Muslim groups are organizing events providing different activities for the family. Those events usually attract thousands of people in some UK cities, such as London and Birmingham.
The Festival is held annually on the Saturday after Eid ul-Fitr in London’s Trafalgar Square. It usually features live entertainment, stalls, exhibitions, and children’s activities.