Islam religion : History, Beliefs, Practices & Pillars of Islam


Islam religion

After Christianity Islam religion is the second biggest belief in the universe. It is an Arabic word which refers to submission, resignation, peace and commitment. It is therefore described as the journey to complete harmony through consensual submission to the spiritual will. Even though its roots go further back, its formation dates back to the 7th century. This makes it the youngest religion in the world. Muslims are Islam religion believers and followers (United Religions Initiative, 2020).you can read this article about «Islam» and all you know about Islam in Miskshops on www.Miskshops.com

History of Islam religion

Islam is a monotheistic one-god (Allah)-based religion. It shares those values with Christianity and Judaism by spreading its origins to Abraham the father, and to Adam, the first prophet, in this respect. All the prophets of one religion preach the same basic message of faith and goodwill. Muhammad was the seventh in the line of apostles, according to the Muslims. In Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Muhammad was born around 570 CE. He first worked as a shepherd and then as a merchant.

His company did not please him because of superstition and social and economic inequality. The persons worshipped numerous divinities and refused the instruction of the prophet Abraham to adore one God. (United Religions Initiative, 2020). Muhammad loved to be in the mountains preaching and meditating. At one of those occasions, he had got a message from Heaven from the Angel Jibril (Gabriel), when he was around 40 years old. He continued to obtain teachings from God all his life. Furthermore, he started to spread what he had obtained to others. His key message is that there was no god but Allah. Hence, people should lead their lives in a manner that is pleasing to Allah.

At the beginning of the 7th century, Islam appeared on the Arabian Peninsula, Mecca, and the Umayyad Caliphate, which had spread to the Indus River in the east from Iberia to the West the 8th century. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the era that generally dates from the 8th to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the mainly Muslim world witnessed commercial, cultural and technological growth. islam religion has three different denominations. However, most Muslims fall under one of the two denominations: Sunni and Shia (United Religions Initiative, 2020).

The beliefs and Principles of Islam

Differences between Sunni and Shia emerged from the dispute over Muhammad’s succession and gained broader political importance, as well as religious and legal aspects. Islam religion is currently spread to many parts of the world, and almost all countries have Muslims. Approximately 13 per cent of Muslims live in Indonesia which is the most populous Muslim-majority country. 31 per cent live in South Asia that forms the largest Muslim group in the world, 20 per cent live in the Middle East and North Africa, where it is the dominant religion, and 15 per cent live in sub-Saharan Africa (United Religions Initiative, 2020). You will also find large Muslim populations in the Americas, Europe, China, and North Asia. Islam religion is the world’s fastest-growing principal religion.



Muslims have their convictions, just like any other faith. The six central convictions are the belief in the one God who is Allah. They also believe in Angels, for instance, Angle Gabriel, who talked to Mohammad. They still believe in the holy books given to all the prophets. Those texts include the Bible revealed to Jesus the prophet, the Torah showed Moses the prophet and the Quran of Muhammad the prophet.

Also, they have faith in Judgement Day and life after death as the ultimate reward for performing good deeds. They also believe in all God’s prophets including Ishmael, Abraham, Isaac, Moses, Noah, Jesus, Muhammad and Jacob ( Global Ministries, 2020). Muslims believe in Jesus (Isa), even though, they do not see of him as the Son of God as a Christian, but as a great prophet. Moslems still believe in the supreme order, which means that God is all-powerful and that everything happens according to His commands and permission. Human beings have the right to choose whether to do good or bad. At the end of the day, these people will be accountable for their deeds and how they have spent their lives.


Islam has two main sourcebooks: the Quran, the word of God, and the Hadith that is the compilation of the sayings of Islam’s prophets. The two books give universal principles suitable for all men and women as formulae of life. They include; mutual respect, which states that all persons should respect each other and have religious tolerance and respect other people’s religions.

Peace is another principle that emphasizes that God grants non-violence what he does not give to the violent (Spirit of Islam, 2015). There are reconciliation and adjustments whereby the Quran states that reconciliation is the best when it comes to the conflict other than confrontation. Moreover, practical wisdom is the application of wisdom in deeds such that opt for the easiest and useful options. Muslims believe in friendly behaviour whereby no one should create problems for their neighbours and universal brotherhood, which sees all persons as brothers and sisters.

Pillars of Islam religion

The greatest substantial Muslim deeds are the five pillars of Islam religion, which are the five duties that each Muslim must fulfil to lead a decent and accountable life per Islam. They include;

The Shahada

Often known as the Profession of Faith, which is the most rudimentary form of Islamic Belief, which claims that there are no gods but one God and that Muhammad is his prophet (United Religions Initiative, 2020).

The salat

Also referred to as daily prayers that all Muslims should pray in the morning, noontime, mid-afternoon, evening, and night five times a day. They are a sign of their surrender to Allah. (Macaulay-Lewis, 2017).



Also known as the Alms tax, which explains that Muslims should portion their wealth to give some to the needy in their communities (United Religions Initiative, 2020). 


Sawm (fasting)

In the Islamic calendar, the ninth month, Ramadhan, it is mandatory for Muslims to fast from dawn to dusk. However, there is an exception to the sick, pregnant, and the elderly. All the believers should restrain from eating and drinking throughout the day (Macaulay-Lewis, 2017).

Hajj (pilgrimage)

All able Muslims should make a pilgrimage to Mecca and the adjacent holy sites at least on one occasion in their lives. It includes visiting Kaaba and walking around seven times, and it happens in the 12th month of the Islam calendar (Macaulay-Lewis, 2017).



Even though many individuals in the world view Islam violent, Islam religion does not believe in violence. They believe that God awards non-violent persons more than violent ones. Many Muslims moreover, do not support violence created by these movements. They believe in peace and universal brotherhood. They, above all, believe in one God who is the most powerful.

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