Each year, and precisely in the Dil-HIJJA, Muslims of the world take on direction, Makkah. Hajj is an annual pilgrimage where Muslims go to Makkah in Saudi Arabia, which is considered the Holy city for Muslims, to perform many rites. Hajj is considered to be the second-largest annual gathering of Muslims. It is an opportunity for Muslims to meet with their brothers and sisters from all over the world. Muslim pilgrimage occurs from the 8th to the 12th day of the month Dil-HIJJA, where Muslims perform many religious rituals, In a divine atmosphere full of serenity, placidity, and calmness. Read this article about Kaaba on www.Miskshops.com
Rites of Hajj:
According to the Holy Quran and scholars when Muslims perform Hajj rituals, they do follow not only the model of Prophet Muhammad but also solemnize Prophet Abraham’s events.
During the time of Hajj Muslims perform the following rites and rituals:
- Tarwiya Day
- Tawaf and SA’AY
- Ramy al-Jamarat
- Eid al Adha and sheep sacrifice
- Hair shaving
- Tawaf Ziyara
- Tawaf al-Wada’a
- Visiting Madina
History of Hajj:
Hajj in Arabic means to ‘A group of people heading to a place’ The current Hajj patterns and rituals trace back to the Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him. However, and according to the holy Quran, Hajj goes back to the time of Prophet Abraham. Many of Hajj rituals and rites derives from the time when God asked Abraham to leave his wife Hajar and son Ismael, alone in the desert of ancient Makkah.
Hence, Safa and Marwa are important rituals of Hajj. As God said: “Innas Safaa WAL-Marwata min sha’aaa’iril laahi faman hajjal Baita awi’tamara falaa junaaha ‘alaihi ai yattawwafa bihimaa; wa man tatawwa’a khairan fa innal laaha Shaakirun’Aleem” In English, it means “Surely the Safa and the Marwa are among the signs appointed by Allah; so whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit (to it), there is no blame on him if he goes round them both; and whoever does good spontaneously, then surely Allah is Grateful, Knowing”
Safaa WA Marwa Explained:
After reading the paragraph above, you would be wondering why did bring the example of this specific Hajj rituals. Thus, let us state the story behind this religious rite. So, when God asked Prophet Abraham to leave his wife and son in the desert of Makkah, little Ismael felt so thirsty and started crying. Thus, his anxious and petrified mother, who was just left out in the desert with her baby started to run back and forth looking for water for his baby. She kept running desperately back and forth seven times, from the first mountain that is called Saffa, to the second mountain called Al Marwa.
Nevertheless, she found nothing, so she returned to her son Ismaël. Thus, she saw her baby tapping with his little two feet on the ground, then all of a sudden, a water fountain sprang from the ground. This water is Zemzem. Therefore, when Muslims perform the Safa and Marwa ritual and drink from Zemzem, it is in the memory of Abraham’s wife Hajar and her little son Ismael.
Years passed by, Ismael grew to become one of God’s Prophets as his dad. Furthermore, God commanded the Prophet Abraham to build the Kaaba with the help of his son Ismael. To invite people to worship his Almighty there, in that holy and sacred place. It was told that Gabriel brought down to this Earth the heavenly black stone to be put in the heart of the Kaaba.
Nevertheless, and since the built of Kaaba, commercial caravans used to go to visit Kaaba and make trades. Hence, Makkah has become a very famous destination that draws millions of visitors and wealthy people each year. The emperor of Habasha, Abraha, one of the strongest emperors that existed back at the time, felt that power is slipping out of his hands. Hence, he decided to attack the Kaaba; he gathered all his forces and army and launched an attack on the Kaaba. Makkah, who didn’t have a great army back then, was losing the war, and Abraha’s army kept destroying the Kaaba. Then, all of a sudden, Abraha’s army was stupefied by large groups of birds, attacking the army with fireballs. Hence, Abraha’s lost his war and all his military men.
Years later, in the Jahiliya time, which is in the pre-Islamic era, citizens of Makkah decided to restore the Kaaba. However, the different tribes of Makkah disagreed on which tribe will have the honor to hold the black stone and put it back to its place. That is when Prophet Muhammad, who has not become a prophet yet, a young man in his 20s suggested putting the black stone on a blanket. Hence, each tribe took a corner of the sheet and held the black stone together.
Kaaba center of Earth:
Kaaba marked the moment where the modern world intersected with the holy world, and that is through the sacred black stone that Gabriel has. Hence, scholars tend to believe that Kaaba is the center of Earth, where the gates of heaven are straightly above it. However, scientifically, scientists have proven that Kaaba is not the center of Earth. That is mainly because the center of Earth cannot be on the surface. In other words, Earth is a sphere or an ellipsoid. Hence, the center must be at its core, not at the surface.
Inside the Kaaba revealed:
kaaba is Islam’s most sacred place of worship. In other words, Muslims pray each day, towards one direction, kaaba. Furthermore, Muslims consider kaaba God’s house, metaphorically.
However, the questions that you are asking yourself, what is underneath that black veil. Inside the Kaaba, three wooden columns hold the kaaba‘s ceiling.
Furthermore, between these three columns, it exists a pillar. Then there is the Levantine corner on the right interior side of kaaba which includes an enclosed staircase that leads to a hatch. Which holds an enclosed rectangular structure without any windows and which has a door with a unique lock leading ceiling. Furthermore, there are eight stones decorated with Arabic calligraphy, using thuluth script and one stoned decorated with Arabic calligraphy but using Kufic script.