Ramadan | Fasting & Traditions | Miskshops



At the time of the month of Ramadan, every Muslim people across the whole world are not supposed to eat or drink from dawn to sunset. Because they believe that the Holy Quran was first revealed to beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) in the final 10 nights during the month of Ramadan

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) mentioned, ‘Whoever observes the fast during the month of Ramadan, (while) believing in Allah and seeking His blessings, will have his past sins forgiven.’ {Reported by Imam Bukhaari, Muslim and others} But how many people know what is Ramadan, exactly? for who is it obligatory to fast and when is it not? How to prepare before this month arrives? Well, in this article you will find some basic information about Ramadan. 

What is Ramadan?

There are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world who believe Ramadan is the holiest month in the year. When the holy book of Islam,  the Quran, was unveiled to the prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). According to on the lunar cycle, this month is the ninth one in the Islamic calendar or the Hijri calendar. Which started in AD622 when the messenger migrated from Mecca to Medina. 

According to Islamic tradition, a known fact is, it was during this month, on the ‘Night of Power’ (Laylat ul-Qadr) observed on one of the last 10 nights of Ramadan. Many Muslims generally think that it is the 27th night (the date is not certain) that Allah the Almighty disclosed the Holy Quran to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), as a guideline for the people. Ramadan is a time for Muslims when they do self-analyzation, Islamic prayer (salah) in the mosque, and recite the Holy verses of the Quran.

Allah the Almighty forgives the past sins of believers who observe the holy month with fasting, prayer, and faithful purpose. Though, Ramadan is less known for a time of atonement than it is a time for Muslims to practice self-control, which means ‘in refrain’ (Arabic), one of the pillars of Islam also known as the five basic principles of the Muslim religion.

Importance of Ramadan

For Muslims one of the five pillars of Islam is fasting. Each pillar stands for an agreement of living a good Muslim life. The other pillars of Islam – reciting the Muslim profession of faith, praying salah, giving zakat to the poor-needy people and performing Hajj by making a pilgrimage to Mecca. Allah the Almighty says in the Quran, what may be explained as, ‘O’ you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may achieve Taqwaa (righteousness, Allah-fearing).’ (Surat Al-Baqarah, Verse 183)

The associate professor of religious studies and director of the Muslim Studies Program at Michigan State University, Mohammad Hassan Khalil says that according to the Quran, Muslims practice fasting so that they could be conscious of Allah. He also says, ‘By abstaining from things that people often don’t value (such as water). One may be able to reflect on the intention of life and grow closer to the creator and sustainer of all existence.’ He also thinks that for many Muslim people, fasting is a spiritual act that allows them to feel the hunger of the poor and thus develop more empathy towards them.

Who fasts during Ramadan?

Those who are healthy Muslim men and women are under obligation to fast during the month according to Islamic traditions. 

Who is not under obligation to observe fasting? 

Those who are children, people who are sick or who have a mental illness, old people, travelers and women who are menstruating, pregnant or breast-feeding, postnatal do not have to fast. People who are not obliged to fast during Ramadan can make up the missed fasts later. When a person is not able to fast at any cost. It is lawful for him/her to compensate by giving food for a person in need.

How to prepare for Ramadan?

Make plans

You can make a plan for how you would want to spend each day of the upcoming Ramadan next year. By delaying things that are possible to delay, you can concentrate on activities that will become an advantage for you, Insha’ Allah, in the hereafter. For example, set a date and see how much Quran you will recite, and make a schedule for when you will recite it. Set a goal for how many prayers you will spend at the masjid, and make a solid plan for you to execute this target properly. 

Create a list of dua

You can try to make a list of prayers or dua, write down how you will ask Allah the Almighty for your needs in this world, your hopes for the hereafter, ask for the needs of your family members and friends, mention the names of your friends and family members in your prayer. Try to collect books for prayers, which will help you to make the list.


Don’t just think for yourself and your own requirements during the month of Ramadan. Before Ramadan starts you can find a group for community service so you can serve others throughout the month voluntarily. You will get so many rewards for this deed of yours from the Almighty.


Control the urge of spending on yourself and increase spending more on the needy during the month of Ramadan. Start counting how much assets belong to you, so that when Ramadan comes, you will be ready to pay your zakat and sadaqah. 


It doesn’t matter if you are a religious person or not, if you add fasting into your daily schedule, it can be a great way for you to give your health a boost of strength. 

If you want to get even more rewards during Ramadan, then you can increase your daily recitation and study of the Quran. The discloser of the Quran began during this time from Allah. And also during this month, Angel Gabriel came to review the Quran with the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). In this holy month, we should ask Allah to strengthen our faith and belief, to accept our fasts, and give us rewards with His forgiveness and the highest place in Paradise.

Read about Islamic new year

cover image source: Unsplash

3 thoughts on “Ramadan | Fasting & Traditions | Miskshops

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