Surah Kafiroon was revealed during the first part of the Prophet’s history before he left Mecca. The subject that the sura addresses is the compromises that the leaders of Quraysh had unceasingly proposed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of God be on him) to put an end to their differences.
According to Abdellah Ibn Abbas, the leaders of Quraysh proposed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of God be on him): “We will give you so much wealth that you would become the richest man in Mecca, we will give you no matter which of the women you like in marriage; we are ready to follow you and obey you as our leader, on the only condition that you do not speak ill of our gods. If that doesn’t suit you, we’ll make you another offer that works for you as well as for us. ” They even proposed to the Prophet, if he worshipped their gods, Al-Lat and Al-Uzza, for a year, they would worship his God for the same period. The Prophet replied, “Wait, let me see what my Lord orders about it.”
surah kafiroon Related Ahadith And lessons
The Messenger of God had a special regard for this Surah. Indeed, according to Abdallah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet had said: “Do you want me to say a word to you that will protect you from polytheism? Just recite Surat Al Kafiroun when you get ready to sleep. “(Abû Ya`lâ, At-Tabarânî). By reporting this hadith Abdellah Ibn Umar had added, “that on several occasions, during prayer, he heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of God be upon him) reciting these two suras (sura Al Ikhlass and sura Al Kafiroun ) in the two RAKAA before the Fajr prayer and in the two RAKAA after the Maghrib prayer (Ahmad, al-Tirmidhî, An-Nasâ’î, Ibn Mâdjah, Ibn Hibbân, Ibn Mardawaih and qualified as authentic by al-Albânî ).
Furthermore, according to Ibn Abbas, the Prophet had said: “Reciting Surat Al Ikhlass is equivalent to one-third of the Quran and reciting Surat Al Kafiroun is equivalent to one-quarter of the Koran” (reported by Tirmidhi and authenticated by Sheikh Albani in Sahih Targhib n ° 1477).
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
bismi l-Lahi r-Rahmani r-Rahim
قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ
qoul ya ‘ayyouha l-kafiroun
which means: “[- O Muhammad -] Say: O you disbelievers” [- The disbelievers mentioned in this’ ayah are those, as we explained earlier, who had asked the Prophet to worship their idols for a year and if he did, these disbelievers told him they would worship God the following year. Allah revealed this sourah to confirm that it was not going to take place -].
لا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ
la ‘a3boudou ma ta3boudoun
which means: “I don’t worship what you worship [- you who worship idols -]”.
Useful information: The definition of worship (al- ^ ibadah) is: the extreme limit of fear and submission. Thus, the Only One who deserves to fear and veneration and to submit to Him in the extreme is Allah.
وَلا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ
wa la ‘antoum 3abidouna ma ‘a3boud
which means: “And you do not worship [- and God has revealed to me that you will never worship -] The One whom I worship [- that is to say Allah, the One Who deserves worship – ] “.
وَلا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ
wa la ‘ana 3abidoun ma 3abadtoum
which means, “And I will never worship what you worship.”
وَلا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ
wa la ‘antoum 3abidouna ma a3boud
which means: “And you will never worship the One whom I adore [- the interest of this insistence is to cut short the lusts of the disbelievers and to confirm that they have received the news of their death on disbelief namely that they will never enter the religion of Islam -] “.
لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ
lakoum dinoukoum wa liya din
which means: “You have your religion [- which is a false religion -] and I have my religion [- which is the religion of truth, ie Islam -]”.
The sixth and last verse understands the meaning of the threat against those who have chosen a religion other than Islam. Because whoever chooses another religion, Allah will not accept it, and he will be among the losers on the Day of Judgment. The only religion approved by God is the religion of Islam, it is the religion of all the Prophets from ‘Adam to Muhammad.
This is actually the core of the surah. Actually It came in a significant moment when Muhammad asked Allah if He would allow the tribes of Quraych to keep their Gods. The response was clear: Allah will not allow it. There is no God but Allah. In the surah, he called them kafiroon, and He will not forget them the Day of Judgement.
This section is made up of a quadruple negation that researchers interpreted as the rupture between Muhammad and ancient paganism. For other ulemas, this does not correspond to the context in which paganism was abandoned in Arabia before the birth of Islam.
Monotheism vs. polytheism
The first said, actually, is one approach, and polytheism is another approach, and they do not meet. It is a method that directs man to God alone, who has no partner. It defines the party from which man has his creed, his law, his manners, morals and his perceptions all about life and of being unambiguous with polytheism in any of his apparent forms. Without this hinge, you will still be blurred, and the flattery remains, confusion remains, and patching remains. The call to Islam is not based on these weak foundations.
This Surah came up to the Prophet with a strong assertion and repetition. As we saw, its purpose is to end every statement, and to sever all bargaining and permanently differentiate between monotheism and polytheism, and establish clear parameters, and do not accept compromise and controversy in a few or many.
After this revelation, there was more unity around the existence of one God. Furthermore, there was no more debate to accept other Gods.