WHAT IS TAYAMMUM?
TAYAMMUM IN ISLAM AND SUNNAH
“…And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women, and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe ove your faces and your hands (with it). Indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.” [Quran 4:43]
“All the earth has been made a pure place of prayer for me and my nation. Whenever a person from my nation wants to pray, he has something with which to purify himself, that is, the earth”.
“I have been given five things that were not given to anyone before me: I have been made victorious due to fear of a distance of one month’s journey, the earth has been made a place of prayer for me and a source of purification. wherever and whenever any member of my nation wants to pray, they may pray, and the war booty has been made lawful to me. Allah gave me permission to intercede. Prophets before me used to be sent to their own people only, but Allah sent me to all mankind”. [Bukhari & Muslim]
THE STORY OF TAYAMMUM
“We set out with the Prophet (PBUH) on one of his journeys, until we reached Al-Baida or Dhatul-Jaish, my necklace was lost. The prophet (PBUH) remained there to look for it, and so did the people that were with him. There was no water there, so the people went to Abu-Bakr As-Siddiq and asked: “Don’t you see what Aisha has done? She has made Allah’s messenger and the people stay where there is no water, and they have no water with them”. Abu Bakr came while the Prophet was sleeping with his head on my thigh, he said to me: “You have detained Allah’s messenger and the people where there is no water, and they have no water with them”. So he warned me and said what Allah wished him to say and hit me on my flank with his hand. Nothing prevented me from moving but the position of the Prophet on my thigh. Allah’s messenger got up when dawn broke and there was no water. So Allah revealed the divine verses of Tayammum. So they all performed Tayammum. Usaid ibn Hudair said: “O the family of Abu Bakr! This is not the first blessing of yours”. Then the camel on which I was riding moved from its place and the necklace was beneath it”. [Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 7, Number 330]
“And if you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you came from the privy or you have touched women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth, then wipe your faces and your hands; surely Allah is Pardoning and Forgiving”. [An-Nisa:43]
WHEN IS TAYAMMUM PERMISSIBLE?
“…And its clean earth has been made (by Allah) as a purifying mean for us”. [Sahih Muslim 1165]
Availability of water but insufficient: If the water available is sufficient only for drinking, cooking, and other needs. And purification with water could cause it to run out.
- Probability of harm: When purification with water is likely to cause harm due to a sickness or cause a delay in recovery. Allah SWT says:
“…But if you are ill…then seek earth..” [Quran 5:6]
- Inability to use water due to illness: If one is unable to use water because of an illness that keeps them from going to get water, and there is no one to help them perform ablution.
- The fear of catching a cold: When one is afraid to catch a cold if they did ablution with water, provided that one is unable to heat it. Allah SWT, says:
“…And do not kill yourselves (or one another)…” [Quran 4:29]
“So fear Allah as much as you are able” [Quran 64:16]
THINGS THAT NULLIFY TAYAMMUM
- Minor ritual impurities that annul Tayammum such as, feces, urine, etc.
- Major ritual impurities that necessitate ritual bathing such as, Janabah, menstruation, and postnatal bleeding.
- when water is found
- When there is no longer a legal excuse such as illness and the like.